PIC16FA Flash pin 4MHz 8kB Microcontroller Datasheet and Technical Data. Note: The datasheet of PIC16FA Microcontroller and more detailed Features can be found at the bottom of this page. PIC16F87XA 28/40/Pin Enhanced Flash Microcontrollers Devices Included in this Data Sheet: • PIC16FA • PIC16FA • PIC16FA • PIC16FA.

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Thusat the next execution cycle, the instruction fetched is the movlw at But corresponding dxtasheet will have to be added at the reset vector 0x00 for successful execution. After the first program, we are now all set to try out more interesting stuff. If notthis is the point of time to do so. For this first activate the project view by clicking view – project.

The IDE is an environment which integrates different simulation tools and compilers to provide a single window solution to development and debugging. This is the most popular method of clock generation for its accuracy. Getting Started As said in the introduction, PIC micro controller, like any other micro controller executes the instructions one at a time in a sequential order as stored in its program memory and it is the skill of the developer to use these instructions 35 in this case to create magics like an intelligent robot.

The following example of generating a square wave in RB0 shows a rookie level example of how cool this tool is. This will add the following screen to the workspace. When converted to time, it will be a delay of x1us assuming a oscillator frequency of 4Mhz. The task of the execution unit, in simple words, is to fetch the instructions pointed to by the program counter PCunderstand it Decode and execute it.


This is because the ALU of the microcontroler has no provision to do it. For example, if multiplication of two numbers is to be performed in PIC 16Fathere is no direct instruction to do it. Thereforewhen we are referring to switching a port pin on as in tha air conditioner, it is actually writing data into the corresponding port register.

Now we are all set to go coding. When the execution unit receive jump or loop instructions, it stores the current program counter value to the stack and loads the new program location to go to into the PC.

Your email address will not be published. Now, we are going into the actual program writing process. A complete list of instructions and their encoding is given in page of the datasheet. A simulator is a software that simulates the working of the device in detail.

PIC16FA-I/P Technical Data

Once this is xatasheet, the value remains in the location until either it is changed by another instruction or the micro controller is reset or powered off. This crystal can be up to a maximum speed of 20Mhz. Once we are familiar with the basic concepts of microcontrollers, we can explore the data sheet on our own and discover newer tricks. So, now the PC points to To change the delay value, experiment changing the fo seed values indicated in the comments.

The central processing unit can can execute some instructions resulting in some outcomes. At 07another call instruction is encountered.

The binary view can be availed by right-clicking within the watch window and selecting the corresponding option.


The IDE used in this article has been phased out by Microchip. The simulator logic analyzer tool is a very handy tool that gives the feel of the familiar oscilloscope interface. Leave a Comment Your email address will not be published.


This is also shown in the image. The corresponding trace of the program memory location can also be seen in the program memory window. Then the regular operation take place with the PC increment from This gives rise to the a major classifications in processor architecture as. 16f877s code for the same will look like this. The data coming in through the ports will be stored in some GPR by the microcontroler.

These instructions are stored in the program memory in an encoded fashion. Normal execution continues till 10 where the return instruction pops 03 from the stack. When we where dealing with the delay routine, you would have noticed that the execution time of the instructions in the animation mode is equal to the animate step time we have set in the debugger options and not the actual time the microcontroller takes in the field.

The PIC 16fa can generate its own clock from a piezo crystal connected to its specific pins. These are the TRIS registers that 16f877a the ports to be in input or output mode.

Similarly, receiving data from the registers is actually, vatasheet the data stored in the corresponding data register. This is where we will be entering our code.

Microcontrollers usually have one or two such registers only. 16f8777a module is integrated into the PIC package and can be configured using firmware instructions. Thus these instructions take two execution cycles to complete. Operations resulting from the execution of instructions can all be considered as manipulation of data in different parts of the micro controller.