: 20 BLACK CARDAMON Plant Seeds (AMOMUM subulatum) Grow Indoors or Outdoors!: Garden & Outdoor. Common Name: Greater Cardamom. Amomum subulatum. Drawing of the flowering plant. Photograph by: Roxburgh, W., Plants of the coast of Coromandel, vol. Larger or Greater Cardamom, Nepal Cardamom. Latin Name: Amomum subulatum Zingiberaceae. Sanskrit/Indian name: Aindri, Sthula ela, Brihatupakunchika.

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The largest producer of the black cardamom is Nepalfollowed by India and Bhutan. In traditional Chinese medicineblack cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria. It takes up to four years to obtain a full cardamom crop from such a planting.

Amomum subulatum Roxb.

Black cardamom is used for hearty meat stews and similar dishes. A cardamom plantation is begun be clearing a site leaving a few trees for shade. It has the synonym of Amomum aromaticum. Black cardamom is often erroneously [2] described as an inferior substitute for green cardamom by those unfamiliar with the spice. Black cardamomalso known as hill cardamom[1] Bengal cardamom[1] greater cardamom[1] Indian cardamom[1] Nepal cardamom[1] winged cardamom[1] or brown cardamomcomes from either of two species in the family Zingiberaceae.

The subulatu, name subulatum is based on the Latin subula meaning ‘awl-shaped’ or ‘tapering to a point’, in reference to the shape of the leaves. Plants of this genus are remarkable for their pungency and aromatic properties.

During this period keep in dark cold storage chamber. In Egypt and other Arabic cultures they are ground aommum used to flavour coffees and teas.

In dried condition, they are widely known as Black cardamom or Nepal cardamom and are very popular in Indian cuisine. Black cardamom can be used in rather liberal amounts, up to a few capsules per person.


The seeds contain yield an essential oil containing cineol as a principle constituent. In the East, the plant is used medicinally, for digestive ailments. Apart from usage in Indian and Nepali cuisine, they are not much known, but have some regional importance in Central and Southern China.

Spice Pages: Black Cardamom (Amomum subulatum)

In order to grow cardamom, its native tropical environment should be duplicated as closely as possible. For other uses, see Cardamom disambiguation.

Amomum subulatum is also a great ornamental, the qmomum are suitable to be grown outdoors in all mild and warm temperate climates that do not experience excessive freezes. The rhizomes are planted among the trees sending up six to eight foot leafy shoots which give the plant a bushy appearance.

Amomum subulatum – Black Cardamom – Seeds

Lists and related topics Lists of herbs and spices. The seeds are removed from the pods after the pods have dried. Views Read Edit View history.

In areas prone to frosts they usbulatum cultivated as a container plant, grown indoors or kept in frost free greenhouse through the winter. Although the flavor differs from the smaller green cardamom, black cardamom is sometimes used by large-scale commercial bakers because of its low cost.

In China, the pods are used for jin-jin braised meat dishes, particularly in the cuisine of the central-western province of Sichuan.

A decoction of seeds is used as a gargle in affections of teeth and gums. The pods of A. Initial germination subuoatum for about 80 days under these conditions.


At least two distinct species of black cardamom occur: Thus, it is generally a good idea to a,omum Northern Indian dishes of braising type kormas a few hours or even one day in advance. The best soil in which to grow a cardamom is a rich soil that holds moisture as these plants like their roots to be constantly wet. The seeds are contained in the pods in three double rows with about six seeds in each row.

Amomum subulatum also known as Nepal cardamom and Amomum tsao-ko. In combination with the seeds of melon, it is used as a diuretic for kidney stones.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It provides amommum properties to the heart, liver and spleen.

In traditional Chinese medicine, black cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria. The plant needs moist soil in a warm environment with filtered sunlight. In order to grow a cardamom in cooler locales, it should be planted in a container that is kept indoors. Seedlings should be planted in the soil subulatmu the same depth they were previously grown. Biological activity is found to be stomachic, astringent, antibilious, and antiemetic.

Chinese herbology Herbal tea Marination Spice rub. Retrieved 11 December This behaviour is shared by other unground spices, like cinnamoncloves and green cardamomall of which are popular in Northern India and mostly used unground see also onion.