gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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FSH levels are typically in the menopausal range. If secondary amenorrhoea is triggered early in life, for example zekunder excessive exercise or weight loss, menarche may not return later in life. Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian sekunver Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion. Vaginal atresiacryptomenorrhoeaimperforate hymen.

Derived adjectives are amenorrhoeal and amenorrhoeic.

Young athletes are sekundet vulnerable, although normal menses usually return with healthy body weight. British Journal of Sports Medicine. As for physiological treatments to hypothalamic amenorrhoea, injections of metreleptin r-metHuLeptin have been tested as treatment to oestrogen deficiency resulting from low gonadotropins and other neuroendocrine defects such as low concentrations amenroe thyroid and IGF Both hypothalamic and pituitary disorders are linked to low FSH levels leading to hypogonadotropic amenorrhoea.

However, it has not proved effective in restoring of cortisol and adrenocorticotropin levels, or bone resorption.

Intrauterine adhesions Asherman’s syndrome. Results of the study on Metformin further implicate the regulation of these hormones as a main cause of amenoore amenorrhoea. Primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed in female children by age 14 if no secondary sex characteristicssuch as enlarged breasts and body hair, are present. Certain medications, particularly contraceptive medications, can induce amenorrhoea in a healthy woman. Studies show that women are most likely to experience amenorrhoea after 1 year of treatment with continuous OCP use.


Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

Archived from the original on 29 January Energy imbalance and weight loss amnore disrupt menstrual cycles through several hormonal mechanisms. Recommencement of ovulation suggests a zmenore on a whole network of neurotransmitters and hormones, altered in response to the initial triggers of secondary amenorrhoea.

When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorderand osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome. Reproductive disorders may be the only manifestation of undiagnosed celiac disease and most cases are not recognized.

The hormone estrogen plays a significant role in regulating calcium loss after ages 25— For those who do not plan to have biological children, treatment may be unnecessary if the underlying cause of the amenorrhoea is not threatening to their health.

Causes of secondary amenorrhea can also result in primary amenorrhea, especially if present before onset of menarche. To treat drug-induced amenorrhoea, stopping the medication on the advice of a doctor is a usual course of action.

Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects. Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. It may be caused by developmental problems, such as the wmenore absence of the uterus, failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cellsor delay in pubertal development. A Case-Based, Clinical Guide.

Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history. Many women who diet or who exercise at a high level do not take in enough calories to expend on their exercise as well as to maintain their normal menstrual cycles.


Infobox medical condition new Pages using infobox medical condition with unknown parameters. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. However, in the case of athletic amenorrhoea, deficiencies in estrogen and leptin often simultaneously result in bone loss, potentially leading to osteoporosis.

Archived PDF from the original on Long-term amenorrhoea leads to an estrogen deficiency which can bring about menopause at an early age. American Journal of Obstetrics sekunedr Gynecology. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Journal of Applied Physiology.

Outflow tract abnormalities tend to be normogonadotropic and FSH levels are in the normal range. After menarche, menstruation was suppressed during much of a woman’s reproductive life by either pregnancy or nursing. Adnexa Ovary Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.

Outside the reproductive years, there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause. Endometrium Asherman’s syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis. Archived from the original on 4 January If a uterus is present, outflow track obstruction may be to blame for primary amenorrhoea.