The extract of Achillea fragrantissima (Af), which is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of. Authority, (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. Family, Magnoliopsida:Asteridae:Asterales: Compositae. Synonyms, Santolina fragrantissima Forssk. Common names, lavender. The composition of hydro-distilled oils of Achillea fragrantissima inflorescence ( fresh and dry) at the pre- and flowering stages was evaluated by.
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According to legend, Achilles’ soldiers used yarrow to treat their wounds,  hence some of its common names such as allheal and bloodwort. Achillea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea.
Achillea Asteraceae genera Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus. During the neuroinflammatory process, microglial cells release proinflammatory mediators such as cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases MMPReactive oxygen species ROS and nitric oxide NO.
This page was last edited on 30 Mayat A number of species – notably A. Fernleaf Yarrow Achillea filipendula.
Anti-neuroinflammatory effects of the extract of Achillea fragrantissima.
Views Read Edit View history. The plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at the top of the stem.
International Association for Plant Taxonomy. Sweet Yarrow Achillea ageratum.
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These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves. The neuroinflammatory process plays a central role in the initiation and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, and involves the activation of brain microglial cells. In the present study, the ethanolic extract prepared from Af was tested for its anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide LPS -activated primary cultures of brain microglial cells.
Silvery Yarrow Achillea clavenae. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The genus achilela native primarily to Europetemperate areas of Asiaand North America. The flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red and are generally visited by many insects, and are thus characterised by a generalised pollination system.
NO rfagrantissima secreted by the activate cells were measured using Griess reagent, ROS levels were measured by 2’7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate DCF-DAMMP-9 activity was measured using gel zymography, and the protein levels of the proinflammatory enzymes cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 and induced nitric oxide synthase iNOS were measured by Western blot analysis.
In the present study, extracts from 66 different desert plants were tested for their effect on achjllea LPS – induced production of NO by primary microglial cells.
Sources differ widely as to which of these should be recognized as species which ones merit subspecies or variety status, and which ones should be relegated to the dustbin of synonymy. The genus was named after the Greek mythological character Achilles. Nearly 1, names have been published within the genus Achilleaat or below the level of species.
For other uses, see Achillea disambiguation. Retrieved from ” https: The extract of Achillea fragrantissima Afwhich is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases, was the most efficient extract, and was further studied for additional anti-neuroinflammatory effects in these cells.